BLUE BLOATER PINK PUFFER PDF

Avete fatto una lastra ed il medico ha scrollato le spalle! Niente paura, leggete e cercate di capire se qualche cura fa al caso vostro. Di che cosa stiamo parlando? Nella MPOC Malattia Polmonare Ostruttiva Cronica , durante una respirazione normale, risulta anche alterata la relazione tra pressione e flusso respiratorio.

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Hyper inflated lungs Hyper resonant lung fields Emphysema results from destruction of the airways to the terminal bronchiole. It also includes the gradual destruction of the pulmonary capillary bed. This results to decreased inability to oxygenate the blood. This results to less ventilation, less surface area for gas exchange. Because of low cardiac output, people facing this issue develop muscle wasting and weight loss.

Some of the pink appearance may just be because of the work the individual puts up into just taking a breath. Predominantly chronic bronchitis Type B Patients with chronic bronchitis have a chronic cough for at least three months, and they produce large amounts of sputum. This is one of the first signs of COPD. Coughing is a reflex that initiates to remove the excess mucous that is stuck in your air passages that make it difficult to breathe. Although all individuals experience coughing, a chronic cough indicates that your lungs are not functioning properly.

A large amount of sputum is produced to trap the particles and other noxious agents found in cigarette smoke. Therefore, large amounts of sputum will be coughed up by patients with chronic bronchitis.

These patients have marked obstruction of the airways and cannot hyperventilate to maintain the oxygenation of blood. Therefore, there is a decrease in the oxygenation of blood and increased levels of carbon dioxide in the arterial blood, and appear cyanosed blue. Unlike emphysema, the pulmonary capillary bed in blue bloater is not damaged. Patients also develop pulmonary hypertension caused by the marked changes in the lung tissues.

This makes the heart pump harder to compensate for the high pressure in the lungs, to supply blood to the lungs, and can eventually lead heart failure. Peripheral edema bloater due to heart failure is a predominant feature. In a nutshell, the features of chronic bronchitis include: A chronic cough that produces large amounts of mucoid or purulent sputum.

Frequent respiratory infections Peripheral edema People with COPD are more likely to develop recurrent lung infections that cause acute exacerbations of this disease. It is vital that you consult with your doctor to manage these flare ups as soon as possible. Severe and worsening exacerbations can be fatal if untreated.

Work environments also pose threats of COPD and are contributing factors for the rise of this disease among individuals. Few of the examples are fumes, dust and chemicals. Smoking — COPD occurs mostly to individuals of age 40 and above with a history of smoking.

These may be individuals who are currently smoking or were smoking earlier. Environmental factors — Individuals who are exposed to harmful pollutants at their workplace for longer duration are at risk of COPD.

Second hand smoke or other lung irritants at home such as organic fuel may also cause COPD among individuals. Genetic Factor — Even if a person has never smoked or been exposed to irritant pollutants, they can still develop COPD. Antitrypsin deficiency is one of the common genetic factor for emphysema2. COPD gets worse over the course of time. This damage cannot be reversed back however you can take steps to prevent further damage to your lungs.

It is a very simple and easy test that can diagnose COPD. Spirometry is simple and non-invasive test to identify COPD in a person. You will be asked to blow all the air out of your lungs into a mouthpiece connected to a machine which is known as spirometer.

The machine will then calculate two numbers: firstly, the amount of air blown out in the first second and the amount of air you blow out in six seconds or more.

This test also lets your doctor identify the severity of COPD in an individual. Apart from spirometer the doctor will: Conduct a physical examination and listen to your lungs Conduct chest X-Rays and other tests to rule out other problems if any causing your symptoms. Ask you questions about your past health or family history.

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Blue Bloater

Hyper inflated lungs Hyper resonant lung fields Emphysema results from destruction of the airways to the terminal bronchiole. It also includes the gradual destruction of the pulmonary capillary bed. This results to decreased inability to oxygenate the blood. This results to less ventilation, less surface area for gas exchange. Because of low cardiac output, people facing this issue develop muscle wasting and weight loss.

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