Sign in Create an account. Bibliographie Des travaux de Georges Canguilhem. Ainsi dans un article contre la loi Paul-Boncour, il explique que:. Georges Canguilhem — Philosoph und Wissenschaftshistoriker der Lebenswissenschaften. The Care of Life: History and philosophy of sciencehistorical epistemologyphilosophy of biologyphilosophy of medicine.
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He took up a post at the Clermont-Ferrand based University of Strasbourg in , and received his medical doctorate in , in the middle of World War II. Using the pseudonym "Lafont" Canguilhem became active in the French Resistance , serving as a doctor in Auvergne. By he was the French equivalent of department chair in philosophy at Strasbourg as well. Le Normal et la pathologique is an extended exploration into the nature and meaning of normality in medicine and biology, the production and institutionalization of medical knowledge.
He furthered and altered these critiques in a later book, Ideology and Rationality in the History of the Life Sciences. Canguilhem was originally hostile to the ideas of Henri Bergson and vitalism but was later influenced by them and developed his own "idiosyncratic brand of vitalism. He helped define a method of studying the history of science which was practical and rigorous.
His work focused on the one hand on the concepts of "normal" and "pathological" and, on the other, a critical history of the formation of concepts such as "reflex" in the history of science. This belief did not prevent him from being regarded with considerable affection by the generation of intellectuals that came to the fore in the s, including Jacques Derrida , Michel Foucault , Louis Althusser , and Jacques Lacan.
Althusser once wrote to his English translator that "my debt to Canguilhem is incalculable" italics in the original, from Economy and Society 27, page Derrida recalled that Canguilhem advised him early in his career that he would have to distinguish himself as a serious scholar before he could exhibit professionally the particular philosophical sense of humour for which he is at turns famous and notorious, advice which Derrida seemed to have taken in earnest.