His mother died when he was two years old and he was raised by his paternal grandmother Jijabai. Aurangzeb put both of them under house arrest but they escaped on 22 July This marriage thus gave Shivaji access to the Konkan coastal belt. Some of the influential sardars including ministers Annaji Datto and other ministers conspired against Sambhaji, supported by Soyarabai, to prevent Sambhaji from succeeding the throne.
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These foreign rulers made Indians their slaves and looted India in an extreme manner. In order to free India from these foreign dynasties, many Indian rulers revolted against these powers, as a result, they are still remembered. One such brave ruler was Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj. He was the son of Maharani Saibai, the first wife of Shivaji Maharaj. When Sambhaji was only two years old, his mother Saibai died, and he was brought up and raised by his Grandmother Jijabai. From childhood, Sambhaji was very intelligent and was taught many skills including swordsmanship, horse riding, etc Sambhaji Raje married Jivubai, according to Maratha custom she named herself Yesubai.
Yesubai was the daughter of Pilajirao Shirke, who was under the service of Maharaj. Both of them were put under house arrest by the Emperor, but eventually, they escaped in In order not to get caught by the forces of the Emperor, Shivaji Maharaj kept young Sambhaji at Mathura for some days under the guidance of a Brahmin.
While his stay in Mathura, Sambhaji learned Sanskrit language and many other things as per the Hindu. Maharaj spread rumors that Sambhaji died during the long journey, and also performed the necessary death rituals This act was done by Maharaj just to confuse the enemy. Thus after some months, Sambhaji returned safely in the Maratha Empire. When Sambhaji was only 14 years old, he wrote a Sanskrit Granth named as Budhabhushan. Sambhaji was thus trained in many aspects by his Father Shivaji Maharaj and grandmother Jijabai so that he would become an efficient administrator, good leader, and better King.
Books by Sambhaji Maharaj Sambhaji Maharaj was one of such rare kings, who wrote scholarly books. At the age of fourteen, he has written Boodhbhushanam in Sanskrit. But, many of the ministers like Annaji Datto, Moropant Pingale made a conspiracy against Sambhaji, to stop him from ascending the throne. Despite all odds and conspiracies, Sambhaji Maharaj managed to ascend the throne, thus getting crowned as the Second Chhatrapati and succeeding his Father.
Ministers like Annaji Datto, Moropant Pingale, etc made various conspiracies, including killing Sambhaji Maharaj, but they failed. At last, they were punished by giving them under the Foot of Elephant. Yesubai became the Maharani of the Maratha Empire after her husband Sambhaji ascended the throne. She was beautiful, intelligent and devoted to the works of her Father-in-law and husband.
At times, she administered efficiently when Sambhaji Maharaj was out for any conquest. Burhanpur was one of the richest cities under the control of Mughals.
Sambhaji Maharaj decided to attack Burhanpur and defeated Mughals. Sambhaji Maharaj fought with extreme bravery and valor for 9 years, against the Mughal Empire, not allowing Aurangzeb to succeed in his intention. Goa was ruled by the Portuguese at that time. In , Sambhaji decided to invade Portuguese Goa and capture the forts. The situation at that time became so serious that, Portuguese Viceroy, Francisco de Tavora, and other members, went to the cathedral where the crypt of Saint Francis Xavier was kept, for praying and seeking help against Sambhaji.
Due to the arrival of Mughal forces in , Sambhaji had to forcefully withdraw his Goa campaign. Thus, the Portuguese and English were scared of Sambhaji Maharaj. Facts about Sambhaji Maharaj It is known that the famous Sambhar, which is eaten mainly with Idli, was actually founded by Sambhaji.
The Bulletproof vest was used by Sambhaji Maharaj during his rule. Sambhaji Maharaj wrote Sanskrit Grantha Budhbhushan, at the age of He has also written 3 books in Hindi. Sambhaji Maharaj Death Sambhaji Maharaj was extremely skilled in swordsmanship and other weapons. He used to fight with Lion with bare hands. As a result, nobody dared to fight against the Chhatrapati. But unfortunately, Sambhaji and 25 of his advisors were captured by Muqarrab Khan, Mughal general.
Sambhaji was betrayed by his own family members, as a result, he was caught at Sangameshwar in February The confrontation of Sambhaji Maharaj and Kavi Kalash vary according to many sources. But the fact that they were tortured and killed brutally by Emperor Aurangzeb is true. Thus on 11 March , Sambhaji Maharaj was killed at Tulapur. He refused to change his religion to Islam and was a proud Hindu. The key Maratha commander Hambirao Mohite was killed in this war.
Sambhaji Maharaj History in Marathi, Biography & Death
मराठा साम्राज्य के शूरवीर और वीर शासक- संभाजी महाराज
Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj – history, facts, timeline & family