Neither is it just a series of analyses and outlines. Rather, it is a complete Bible survey course. No one can finish this series of studies and remain unchanged. The reader will receive lifelong benefit and be enriched by these practical and understandable studies. Exposition, commentary, and practical application of the meaning and message of the Bible will be found throughout this giant volume.
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In Deuteronomy we have a second giving of the Law, or rather a new expounding of it to the new generation of Israel who had grown up in the wilderness and were needing to have the Law repeated and expounded to them before their entering into Canaan. Deuteronomy is not the giving of a new law, but an explication of that which was already given. The wilderness pilgrimage was to give place to the national occupancy of Canaan.
Third, it marks the transition to a new EXPERIENCE, to a new life — houses instead of tents, settled habitation instead of wandering, and instead of the wilderness diet, the milk, honey, corn and wine of Canaan.
From Genesis to Numbers the love of God is never spoken of. There is a striking parallel between the Acts of the Apostles, the 5th book of the New Testament, and Deuteronomy, the 5th book of the Old. The Acts, like Deuteronomy marks a great transition. It marks the transition from the distinctive message of the gospels to that of the epistles. What is the book of the Acts? It is the second offer of the Kingdom of Heaven to the Jews, first at the capital, to those of the homeland, and then throughout the empire, to the Jews of the dispersion.
In view of the transition now upon them, they are to look backward and then forward, and to ponder both. The central message is the Divine faithfulness. That is, it signifies not an absolute unity, but a compound unity. The name Jehovah occurs just the three times. Certainly the declaration clearly conveys that God is a plurality in unity; and it possibly suggests the Divine trinity.
In the type teaching of Scripture, Canaan stands not so much for heaven, but for an experience of holiness and spiritual fullness realizable by Christians here and now, in this present life. What we cannot attain by self-effort we may obtain in Christ. The basic requirement is obedience, loving obedience, flowing from the grateful consciousness of covenant relationship and fellowship with this glorious and faithful God.
Obedience is the key-note of almost every chapter. It is important to understand that Israel entered Canaan under the conditions set forth in the Sinai covenant, which is not the last word between God and Israel. Nothing can destroy this covenant, which was not only sealed with blood, but confirmed with a Divine oath. It is an unconditional and everlasting covenant to Abraham and his posterity. Now Israel has never yet possessed Canaan under the unconditional Abrahamic covenant; the nation entered Canaan under the terms of the Sinai covenant, and we know the result.
Notice that in each case the extreme penalty for violating the Sinai covenant is mentioned, namely the dispersion of Israel and the desolation of Canaan, there is an immediate follow-up reference to the Abrahamic covenant, showing that even when the Sinai covenant has exhausted itself in its final penal infliction on Israel, God can and will still be gracious to Israel on the ground of the earlier and greater Abrahamic covenant. Take for example Lev.
Nothing can nullify the Abahamic covenant; for Jehovah Himself accepts responsibility for the fulfillment of the whole. This emphasis on a place gave focus to the religious life of the nation of Israel; it fostered the sense of national unity; it was suited to the nature of the old dispensation; and without doubt, it took deep hold on the thought of the people.
To the old-time Hebrew, nearness to Jerusalem and to the Temple came to mean nearness to the special presence of God. In the New Testament, this localization of the Divine presence and of worship is gently but completely superseded. It is no longer a material temple and a locality, but a spiritual Presence having the attribute of universality.
God is Spirit, and they that worship Him must worship Him in spirit and in truth. The same transition from place to Person is seen in Acts 8, in the account of the Ethiopian eunuch. The man had been to the right PLACE, Jerusalem; he had been for the right purpose, worship; he was reading the right book, the Scriptures; but he was returning unsatisfied.
God sent Phillip for this very reason. See here His Divine omnipresence — He is with us always and everywhere. See here His Divine omnipotence — all power in heaven and on earth. See here His Divine omniscience — seeing the end from the beginning, and speaking of the consummation of the ages. The omnipresent Christ is with each of His blood-bought people.
He delights to be with the poorest and humblest of us; and He will never leave us or forsake us, for He is with us to the end. In chapters we see that the Law is a ministration of condemnation and death II Co.
First, on Mount Gerizim, the mount of blessing, no stones with the Law written on them are to be erected. The mount could not have been the mount of blessing had the Law spoken from it. Second, although blessings were to be proclaimed from Mount Gerizim, where are they? The chapter gives no record of any such proclamation. There is a mercifully relieving feature however. Not only are there the great memorial stones of the Law erected on Mount Ebal; there is also an altar.
As the Law testified to sin, so the sacrifices on that Mount Ebal altar testified to grace — to the provision of mercy, which lay within the Covenant, for the covering of guilt. Oh, well may we rejoice before the Lord our God at that altar! The old dispensation pronounces curse, yet is made to point to the new dispensation in Christ, which administers blessing. Under the old — curse; under the new — blessing. Thank God, the old has given place to the new!
Joshua Charged — The Warrant of Faith 2. Jericho Spied — The Prudence of Faith 3. Jordan Crossed — The Crisis of Faith 4. Memorials Built — The Witness of Faith 5. Gilgal Occupied — The pruning of Faith 6. Fall of Jericho — Faith Triumphant 7.
Sin of Achan — Faith Disabled 8. Sack of Ai — Faith Re-empowered 9. Guile of Gibeon — Faith Endangered Division of Canaan — Faith Rewarded Cities of Refuge — Faith Rewarded Portion of Levites — Faith Preserved Altar of Witness — Faith Unifying The book of Joshua covers a period of about 25 years. Entering, overcoming, occupying! In this, the book of Joshua stands in sharp contrast to that of Numbers where we see the failure of unbelief — failure to enter , failure to overcome , failure to occupy Canaan was a place of conquest through conflict.
There had been little fighting during the wilderness years, but as soon as Canaan was entered Israel must draw the sword. Enemies must be destroyed, Israel must fight. How then can Canaan typify the calm restfulness of the ultimate inheritance in heaven? Moreover, it was possible for Israel to be ejected from Canaan by powerful foes; which eventually happened.
How then can this typify that heaven of uninterrupted felicity which is pledged to the justified in Christ? It was ordained to pre-figure that spiritual Sabbath-keeping into which we may enter here and now. For he that is entered into His rest has himself also rested from his works as God did from His. Perfect love fills the heart and casts out fear I Jn. The soul is in Beulah Land Is. There are three things that are outstandingly characteristic.
Itineracy was to give place to settled dwelling. The promised rest had been wonderfully prepared for their coming. This was the land flowing with milk and honey, a good and a large land Ex , a land of olives and vines, of firs and cedars, of rich fruits and harvests where an obedient people should eat to the full, where the threshing should reach unto the vintage and the vintage unto the sowing time Lev. Were there enemies in Canaan?
Five of them should chase a hundred, and none of their enemies should be able to stand before them. Yes, to a faithful Israel Canaan was to be the place of triumph. Resting, abounding, triumphing — this is our rich inheritance in Christ; and it may be ours in actual experience. It indicates a union of life and mind and will with the risen Christ, a union with Him in nature, relationships and purposes, a union with Him in death to sin and to the flesh and to the world, a union with Him in service and suffering and desire, a union with Him in His resurrection and ascension, which lifts the believer to a level where there is a fullness of light and love and power and spiritual understanding unknown to others.
This is life on the highest plane. Now in Joshua we see Israel entering and possessing the earthly inheritance given in Abraham. In Ephesians we see the Church entering and possessing the heavenly inheritance given in Christ. In Ephesians, we find that here we have the predestined inheritance of the Church, in Christ. The reason why we miss them is because we are not in the place where God bestows them.
Joshua was thus the appointed administrator of the Israelite settlement in Canaan Jos. Thus is Joshua a beautiful type of Christ as the trustee and representative of His people. It is the ascended Savior who divides the goodly inheritance, and allots it to His believing people as by faith they plant their feet upon the promises.
Canaan was given to Israel in Abraham, not in Moses the man of the Law. By the Law Israel could never have become entitled to Canaan.
Moses was not even privileged to lead the people in. Hence, Moses must die, and Joshua must take His place; and Joshua must open up the inheritance The Church is a wonderful revelation of God to the powers of the spirit-realm.
Baxter's Explore the Book - eBook
Baxter's Explore the Book
Explore the Book