OROMO GADA SYSTEM PDF

Research[ edit ] A number of scholars have studied Gadaa. Legesse [22] has written that Gadaa is "one of the most astonishing and instructive turns the evolution of human society has taken". In addition to his Harvard PhD dissertation, Legesse has published a book [23] positioning Gadaa as an African democracy that could inform constitutional thinkers. The late Donald Levine has said [24] that Gadaa is "one of the most complex systems of social organization ever devised by the human imagination". For Jalata, Gadaa represents "the totality of Oromo civilization". Current status[ edit ] Considering the symbolic significance of Gadaa for the Oromo, as well as its structural innovations, researchers in law, indigenous studies, and pan-Africanism are exploring how the system could be utilized in the 21st century.

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Research[ edit ] A number of scholars have studied Gadaa. Legesse [22] has written that Gadaa is "one of the most astonishing and instructive turns the evolution of human society has taken". In addition to his Harvard PhD dissertation, Legesse has published a book [23] positioning Gadaa as an African democracy that could inform constitutional thinkers.

The late Donald Levine has said [24] that Gadaa is "one of the most complex systems of social organization ever devised by the human imagination". For Jalata, Gadaa represents "the totality of Oromo civilization". Current status[ edit ] Considering the symbolic significance of Gadaa for the Oromo, as well as its structural innovations, researchers in law, indigenous studies, and pan-Africanism are exploring how the system could be utilized in the 21st century.

For example, a thesis by Z. Sirna [25] entitled "Ethiopia: When the Gadaa Democracy Rules in a Federal State" explores how the system could be integrated with the contemporary federal structure of Ethiopia, serving as a governance mechanism for the Oromia Regional National State. Sirna has analysed the Gadaa system in relation to deliberative forms of political participation used in Western contexts. A futuristic, governance 2. Criticisms[ edit ] The sixteenth century migration of the Oromo people has been known for capturing indigenous people and making them slaves.

Part of the Gadaa system, Mogassa, has been criticized for erasing the culture and language of these indigenous people. Gadaa has also been criticized for being patriarchal, as it excludes women from political affairs. This, according to Legesse, [28] is the main shortcoming of Oromo Democracy. Other shortcomings include rigidity of rules, and the question of scaling Gadaa to millions of people. Historically, Gadaa has been seen as a better method of governing than other forms in the region.

In regions where the Oromo invaded and conquered, including around the Sidama and Somali, the Gadaa system was oppressive in practice, though proclaimed as democratic and just in Oromo oral tradition.

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GADAA – Socio-Political & Economic Structure of Oromo People

The following is a brief description of the Gada system extracted from the documentation submitted to the UNESCO with some editing for the sake brevity. Geographical location and range of the Gada system Major Oromo clans have established the centres of their Gada at several places based on their territorial settlement. Gada assemblies, power transfer ceremonies and transition rites took place at these cultural spaces under Oda sycamore tree which is regarded as the symbol of the Gada System. These cultural spaces are legally and culturally protected. A brief summary description of the Gada system The Oromo are known for their remarkable indigenous democratic socio-political system known as the Gada which they have kept working for the last five centuries. As a governance System, Gada guides the life course of individuals and regulates political, economic, social and religious activities of the community.

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They also exchange these symbols. Gada is the traditional social stratification system of Oromos in Ethiopia and northern Kenya ; it is also practiced by the Konso and Gedeo people of southern Ethiopia. Here the term Gada is the stage and a period of eight years during which the elected government stay in power, gada the whole Gada system.? Some constituents of the Gadaa System. The tone, the gesture, the accent, the pause and other oratorical finesses are sufficient among several clans to strongly nuance the word De Salviac Are there any specific roles or categories of persons with special responsibilities?

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Gada system, an indigenous democratic socio-political system of the Oromo

All activities and life of each and every member of the Oromo was guided by an egalitarian socio- economic and political structure of the society called the Gada system. The Gada system is a class system that succeeds each other every eight years in assuming politico- military administration, economic management and other social activities. It was the central institution of the Oromo people that contains complex and extra-ordinary features. It was purely invented by the Oromo and it is one of the most remarkable political systems which was highly democratic with effective legislative and judicial institutions. Oromo society was structured in accordance with this Gada system.

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