Therefore, Pope Gregory XIV in created a fourth commission to revise the Sixtine Vulgate, [b]  which was subsequently reorganised as the fifth and final commission later the same year. It was presided over by M. Colonna   and comprised six other cardinals working on the revision. Ten other people were part of the commission as advisors, including Robert Bellarmine. It was also decided to restore the passages unduly removed by Sixtus V, remove the additions, examine the other passages and correct them if needed, and revise the punctuation. However, the commission was progressing slowly, and the revision was expected to take a year.
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Therefore, Pope Gregory XIV in created a fourth commission to revise the Sixtine Vulgate, [b]  which was subsequently reorganised as the fifth and final commission later the same year.
It was presided over by M. Colonna   and comprised six other cardinals working on the revision. Ten other people were part of the commission as advisors, including Robert Bellarmine. It was also decided to restore the passages unduly removed by Sixtus V, remove the additions, examine the other passages and correct them if needed, and revise the punctuation.
However, the commission was progressing slowly, and the revision was expected to take a year. Due to this slowness, the size of the commission was reduced, its mode of operation changed, and its workplace moved to the villa of M. Colonna in Zagarolo. Colonna, its president,   and William Allen. This was thanks to the guidance of the Codex Carafianus—the codex which contained the propositions made to Sixtus V by the commission presided over by Cardinal Carafa , which is a edition of the Leuven Vulgate that had been emended by the third commission under Carafa    —and the experience of four members of the commission who had previously taken part in the work to produce the Sixtine edition Landi, Valverde, Agellius, and Rocca.
Thomson considers that the work of revision was rather entrusted to the Congregations for the Index under the leadership of M. Thomson states that the "old idea that a special commission was entrusted with the work of revision [of the Sixtine Vulgate] is incorrect". Kenyon writes that the Sixtine Vulgate was "full of errors" but that Clement VIII was also motivated in his decision to recall the edition by the Jesuits, "whom Sixtus had offended".
He considered making radical changes to their constitution, but his death prevented this from being carried out. The and editions contained references in the margin, and "various prefaces"; the edition did not. The situation concerning the deeper modification Sixtus had made to the Leuven Vulgate text is totally different.
This preface asserted that Sixtus had intended to publish a new edition due to errors that had occurred in the printing of the first, but had been prevented from doing this by his death, and that now, in accordance with his desire, the work was completed by his successor.
Up until that time Sixtus seems to have been alone on the title-page; after this date, "Clement occasionally figures by himself". Metzger ;  4, according to Michael Hetzenauer ,  and Bruce M. Ehrman in their co-written book;  and "roughly five thousand" according to Kurt and Barbara Aland. Kenyon , "[i]t cannot be pretended that the Clementine text is satisfactory from the point of view of history or scholarship"; he also said the changes that differentiate the Clementine edition from the Sixtine edition "except where they simply remove an obvious blunder, are, for the most part, no improvement".
Biblia Vulgata Latina (Biblia Sacra iuxta Vulgatam Clementinam)
Several unrevised books of the Vetus Latina Old Testament also commonly became included in the Vulgate. Having separately translated the book of Psalms from the Greek Hexapla Septuagint, Jerome translated all of the books of the Jewish Bible from Hebrew himself. He also translated the books of Tobias and Judith from Aramaic versions, the additions to the Book of Esther from the Common Septuagint and the additions to the Book of Daniel from the Greek of Theodotion. Free translation from a secondary Aramaic version by Jerome: the Tobias and the Judith. The Song of the Three Children was retained within the narrative of Daniel.
Sapientissimo fretus consilio S. Tantum autem Clemens fidem catholicam tutus est opere et sermone, quantum et ipsius Vulgata revelationem Dei ab imminentibus periculis custodivit. Quando ergo Lutherus flagitiosa rebellione ab Ecclesia descivit, hac confusione abusus est ut verba Evangelii corrumperet, et suam falsam doctrinam defenderet. Primo Card.
We seek to collate and transcribe all extant ancient manuscripts of the Vulgate and Old Latin Bible and publish them available at Vulgate. Most editors of the Greek New Testament take the evidence of the early versions seriously and this is especially true of the Old Latin Bible and St. A new English translation for the Vulgate and Vetus Latina. Collate Biblical citations made by Latin Church Fathers. Vetus Latina In the early days of Western Christianity there was no one acknowledged Latin version, but that every one who had any real or supposed competency or at least, many such persons made versions for themselves, and that these were pretty extensively used. Among the confusion of Latin versions there was one known and recognised by the name of the Itala, and that this possessed some characteristic excellence. It has been concluded even though it is quite inconsistent with the other deductions that the different forms in which the Old Latin has come down to us, might properly be called the Itala, and thus this name, or the Vetus Itala, has been allowed to occupy a place in critical nomenclature, and to it have the different Latin texts been referred that have been discovered or published.
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