In ancient civilisations, knowledge was acquired in a more cohesive way, and carefully preserved over centuries. Through this research he arrived at the theory of Meteorism, which describes the relationship between volcanoes and meteors. He explains that weather does not stop at the clouds, rather its origins are in the heavens. He concluded that this global catastrophe was very real, very local, and relatively recent. He was able to calculate the date and location with great accuracy through ancient astronomical records, asserting the Great Flood was the result of a catastrophic comet impact.

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I sought, moreover, to prove that the Atlantean calamity was a variation in other words of the Flood of Noah, or, as the Greeks termed it, the Deluge of Deucalion. For this purpose evidence was derived from geographical, geological, astronomical, historical and legendary sources to the effect that this major catastrophe afflicted northern and western Europe, mainly the Scandinavian lands and beyond all the British Islands.

I claimed, in fact, that the Atlantis Island was no other than the British Isles, which bear the scars of that catastrophe to this day, that Atlantis was not permanently submerged, or even much of it, tremendous though the ultimate effects were.

These islands, I showed, were the true Hesperides or Happy Islands of yore, and are known to have been inhabited from the earliest Palaeolithic or Old Stone Age onwards, and were the original domicile of the sons of Adam, who were the Titans or Giants of classic fame, as well as being the Atlanteans of Plato.

My object, may I point out, was far greater than any mere academic effort, as some critics seemed to imagine, to identify Atlantis. The disaster to Atlantis was only indirectly my theme, for what matters is what lay and still lies behind these facts, as facts I claim they are, on the evidence.

For if it were the Flood of the Scriptures it thereby brings into the orbit of Northern Europe the nations related to that event directly or indirectly, such as the Chaldeans, Egyptians, Israelites, Hellenes or Greeks, and many others. It cannot be isolated as such, for it challenges the long accepted beliefs and dogma that the Flood occurred in the Middle East the supposedly original Chaldea, as to which incidentally, in spite of most careful investigations even within recent, years, there exists not a tittle of solid geological or other evidence to support such a calamity in those regions.

Inferentially if correct, it must undermine the long-accepted claims in relation to the lands we term Assyria, Egypt, and Palestine, and I fear necessarily disputes the accuracy of many modernist interpretations from inscribed stones or papyri.

In other words we have been misled in these matters. My sole aim is to get to the truth regarding the past as it bears in many striking ways upon the present. But, let me say, if the further claims I advance in this work are sustained, it must logically signify that the segregation of Bible history as a thing apart from equivalent classic peoples has piled up completely false conceptions and valuations regarding the history of nations in past times.

If I prove correct in determining that such roads lead originally to that very ancient group of islands, the Shetland-Orkneys, which straddle both Scandinavia and Britain, and that these were largely shattered by a violent natural catastrophe, we begin to perceive that the Gnostics and Curetes of Crete, close kindred to the Chaldeans, were the sons of Seth or Sheth, the son of Adam from whom apparently Shet-land or Seth-land acquired its name, in the regions of Caledonia, again only a variation of Chaldea, whose sons are probably the most ancient existing race of civilised man.

The account of the last days of Atlantis is particularly valuable in research where we are told by Plato of a great war between the Atlanteans and their blood relations who crossed the sea to reach them, a war lasting thirteen years, and in the fourteenth year, when the Atlanteans were at the point of exhaustion, the city of Athens held out and defeated the enemy, but that all her warriors, like those opposed to her, were drowned.

Leaving aside the statement that the original Athens held out and alone defeated the invaders it was, according to Plato, an Atlantean city, situated on that island, and thus, we must assume, the mother city of the later Athens in the Mediterranean Greece, like other early Hellenic sites. Can we, however, synchronise Plato with the Bible references to the Flood? The actual events of these dramatic thirteen years, culminating in the Great Catastrophe, is the main theme of this book.

The true arena of this veiled yet historic event, as I endeavour to show, was the clash between nations known in the Scriptures, including Gog and Magog, in which the invasion and slavery of other Bible peoples in the British Isles was the aim of the invaders.

It culminated in extraordinary events both in the celestial spaces and on this unhappy earth. The final celestial disaster itself, as I described fully in my previous work, was on such an immense and concentrated scale, and at the same time so irregular in its distribution, that certain parts were destroyed or rendered uninhabitable for a long period, while yet others escaped with only comparative sufferings.

The explanation of the myth, as Plato himself records it, was the declination of celestial bodies, actually, it would seem, a twin or tandem comet, which struck the earth in the Cimmerian lands.

The Cimmerians, in whose country this disaster happened, and where flowed the river Eridanus, converts the mythological into reality. They agree with the Cymry of Britain, the Cimbri of Scandinavian lands, the people known to classic poets as the Hyperboreans, dwellers beyond the north wind, the Galatai of Pausanias, the Gauls or Gaels, or Celts, always the tall, fair-haired and blue-eyed Men of the north.

So Phaeton must compel us to understand the myth by making us look to the north of Europe, where he was thrown to earth. In a true revision of the prehistoric past the Mediterranean becomes only a very secondary settlement of the ruling races of mankind from the beginning. They erected also chains of powerful fortresses some of which have survived the vicissitudes caused by man and the elements for well over three thousand years, laid long, straight roads, and constructed canals which transported goods from one end of Britain to the other.

Her sons faced hazardous voyages, long before deep-sea soundings were undertaken, to the most distant parts of the earth, and established trading centres and commerce while their main search was ever for gold. They manufactured jewels employing gold, silver and bronze, besides precious stones. Boaz, which they are so fond of symbolising? Many emigrants found their way to the shores of the Mediterranean, others went by the rivers Volga, Vistula, Dneiper and Dneister to the Crimea, onwards into Asia Minor and thence to the Middle East where we find in Irak what appear to be prehistoric Gothic inscriptions and occult designs as to which much might be said.

The land we now call Egypt was colonised then or not much earlier as shown by astronomical evidence, and was originally peopled by fair Celts from the shores of Britain. This was the Exodus of the Aryans, some of whom returned later to their primeval homes, and about a century after, perhaps in some cases in less time, when earlier fears had been dissipated—for humanity rarely learns from the past—and the fertile British lands invited newcomers, these islands were again occupied by nations crossing the narrow seas, including especially those whom Geoffrey of Monmouth names the Trojans, and, our modern anthropologists, the Goidels.

Panic and a change of climate in the northern lands were the main inspiration which sent these peoples on their long and sad treks in search of new domiciles. The edifices and religion of Egypt speak eloquently of the instinct of terror as their guiding motive, as I also showed in my previous work.

The famous Egyptian Book of the Dead, influenced completely by the epic of the Flood and composed in the name of Thoth Hermes , in its ritual caused the souls of the dead to undergo a fanciful, final, gloomy pilgrimage to the sacred west, indeed, I contend, to the very scene of the former shambles in Western Scotland, to the legendary Amenta, identified as the tiny island of Staffa, near Iona, in the Hebrides, where the wandering spirits were supposed to be judged by Osiris, and were rewarded or consumed according to their lives on earth.

Staffa lay in the very vortex of the greatest area of destruction at the time of the Flood—water being but one element concerned—and later became the Underworld of the Celts as it was of the Hellenes.

It was no mere ice drift. It was sudden and terribly swift and violent. To be enabled to accomplish this it has necessitated the identification of the most important regions overrun by the invaders from the furthermost north and from the direction of the Baltic and Low Countries.

Much attention has been directed to the lands of the west, mainly Somerset and Wiltshire, so important for various reasons, where I have claimed to identify sites known to readers of the Scriptures, some of which survive and flourish to this day.

The complete annihilation of cities by man is not so easy as it may seem. Jerusalem was said to be destroyed stone by stone by Hadrian and yet it still exists as a most important capital! In the arrangement I have found it advisable to devote the opening part to the consideration of Crete—the original Crete of Homer—because of its former great importance in the world of prehistory.

When this is understood it will be apparent how advanced, wealthy, and highly civilised Britain was up to the Roman occupation, and thereby to reflect how sad it is that Roman ignorance, tyranny, and censorship have for long centuries presented an utterly false impression of the courage, genius, and enterprise of the various states of the island they so coveted, robbed and left in a condition of chaos.

One further important point needs to be emphasised. The history of the civilised world in the past had little or nothing in common with Asia or Africa, and to get to the truth we must raise the latitude of Europe to the lands mainly prominent, and even largely forget the Mediterranean Sea. The Aryan or white race, with fair or red hair and blue eyes, never had any racial connection with the Oriental peoples, the brown-skinned, dark-eyed, and dark-haired races.

The law of Latitude forbids it, just as the northern Aryans who invaded India and settled there as rulers and princes, despite the rigid law of caste they formulated, in the course of a few generations became absorbed in the native population, as also happened in Mexico. Virile races do not die out without a trace. We are told by historians that the Thracians disappeared from their lands by the Hellespont and yet Herodotus says that they were the most powerful people in Europe who dissipated their strength by tribal quarrels.

They did not disappear from Balkan lands, for they were never there. It suffices to add that the country beyond their northern frontiers was uninhabitable by reason of the icy cold, for it lay under the Bear—the North Pole.

Take again the Trojans of classic fame. They were a very brave and fine nation, advanced in civilisation, who offered sacrifices to the dead of bowls of warm milk, goblets of wine, and also raised funeral mounds. Where do you find such mounds or barrows?

They shook hands with one another, and anyone who knows the East is aware that such was never an Oriental custom. But this we can say. The Trojans, after the Great Catastrophe, settled in great numbers in Britain known as the Brigantes, whose history I trace, showing incidentally that Rome was founded by men of this very nation, and that they became the ruling people in Britain south of the Clyde and Forth. They never originated in Asia Minor, but as will be seen from Ascania, Denmark and the Low Countries, from the regions later known as Freesia.

The Macedonians? Well, Thracians, Cretans, Caledonians, and Macedonians were all of one kindred, and they can be tracked down to their habitat in Scotland and Scandinavia, having many areas in England as well.

Why does Jerusalem appear to have been regarded as in Illyria? It was not originally by the Adriatic Sea in the Mediterranean area. Transfer the Greek or Latin name to its British rendering, Siluria, and we begin to recognise how the history of the Hebrews—the Iberes of Britain—was so largely played out in this island.

How few appreciate the true history of the risings of the Silures against the Romans, and who fought with such fatal gallantry in a succession of wars opposing them especially in the region south of the Forth, yet thus shall we be getting nearer to the truth.

It will be apparent, in short, that Armageddon was the same event as the Great Catastrophe and that Jerusalem lay—and still stands a great and noble city—in Britain. If this sounds a stupendous claim to make it nevertheless fits in with the rest. How many persons are aware that in A. As I show in the following pages the Palestine of to-day fails to correspond in any way to the Old Testament or, come to that, of the New.

A writer, Mr. It might be added that the city entirely fails to conform topographically with its full descriptions given by Josephus and Nehemiah. To study a map of Europe so late as at the height of the Roman Empire, as prepared from the conventional acceptation of ancient geography, is a pathetic vision of emptiness. These are a few names chosen at haphazard. If I am right in these statements the question may well be asked how it all came about.

The answer lies probably in the fact that the historians of the past on whom we have to rely were mostly the Greeks, and more especially Herodotus. But these Greeks were themselves very circumscribed in their knowledge of the world.

They were unacquainted with geography because foreign travel was not in their purview, and mostly they derived their knowledge from the Phoenicians whose purpose was by no means necessarily served by widening Greek knowledge. They wrote their history from records or traditions, but their geography was vague.

I first realised such shortcomings when I attempted to trace the detailed march of Xerxes from Persia to Athens along accepted lines, but before long I realised that his history simply could not possibly fit in with modern conceptions, and compelled me to follow out fresh investigations with surprising results. As far as Bible geography is concerned it appears that the main person responsible for its misinterpretation was Constantine the Great, who had definite motives for transferring the arena of Jewish history and that of Christ to another region altogether.

He used Christianity as a valuable political asset, selected the East as his Empire, and with the aid of Eusebius, Jerome and others, invented the present Palestine.

I cannot explore this very important and fascinating theme now, but hope to undertake it in the not very, distant future, in a life of that remarkable monarch who was born in York, in the Bedern. If this be correct the present-day Jews, who make a historical claim to Palestine, are utterly wide of the mark.

My aim throughout, as I hope the reader will appreciate, is to reconstruct the past history of the world in which it appears that Britain, or, more properly, the British Islands, played so prominent a part. But one cannot correctly report history unless the geography is also accurate, and so the position of countries and historic cities becomes of major importance.

In my former book as in this I have seemingly taken great liberties with geography and I have to confess that in a subject so confusing and big, it is difficult to be always accurate. It means much research. Yet that mythology all points unhesitatingly to the earliest civilisation as occurring in the Atlantic regions and not at all in the Mediterranean or in Asia-Minor.

Above all, the history of the Old Testament is the history of Atlantis. That these truths will be accepted is more than I would dare to believe. The world is misled to-day about the past and the truth lies at the bottom of a very deep well. I can only presume to be a humble pioneer, but hope that I may be able to hew a rough track which others may widen into a great artery for the enlightenment of future generations.


William Comyns Beaumont

Asteroids a word coined by William Herschel [] used to be known as minor planets, while meteoroids is the name applied to asteroids that are less than 50 metres in diameter, although some use 10 metres as the classification threshold. The nucleus can have a diameter of a couple of kilometres. The chemical composition of comets is now known to be varied and much more complex than previously believed. A close encounter with the Earth would have been interesting! In a large comet is estimated to have come within a few hundred miles of Earth. It was photographed and some years later the image was hailed as the first image of an UFO!


The Bernician

Velikovsky by Robert C. Stephanos In , after labouring for eight successful years to promote recognition of Dr. I was puzzled that his name had not come to light during my many talks with Dr. Its title was the attraction, but its contents proved to be even more magnetic. The book is written in the form of theses over of them , summarizing his thoughts on cometary catastrophe. Written in , it read like the s bombshell Worlds in Collision.

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