Gerbera belongs to the family Compositae and is native to South African and Asiatic regions. In India, it is distributed in the temperate Himalayas from Kashmir to Nepal at altitudes of to M. Climate: Gerbera cultivation can be done under wide range of climatic conditions. Day temperature of 22 —C and night temperature of C to C is ideal for cultivation. Soil and its preparation: A well drained, rich, light, neutral or slightly alkaline soil ph 6. The roots of Gerbera go as deep as cm.
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The following information is about Gerbera Flower Farming. Gerbera Flower Farming. In Indian continent, Gerbera is well distributed from Kashmir to Nepal altitudes from meters to meters.
The freshness and long lasting characteristics of this flower made it to use as decorative flower in parties, functions and flower bouquet.
Market commercial value of this flower is excellent in India. Climate Required for Gerbera Flower Farming:- Gerbera flowers can be grown in both tropical and subtropical climatic conditions. These flowers can be cultivated in open fields under tropical climatic conditions. Gerbera cultivation in Greenhouse.
The pH range of 5. As the roots of Gerbera plant penetrates deep into soil up to 60 cm , the soil should be porus and should have good internal drainage up to 50 cm deep for optimal growth of roots.
Land Preparation in Gerbera Flower Farming:- Bring the soil to a fine tilth by ploughing 3 times with tractor or country plough. Prepare the beds of 30 cm height, 1. Add well rotten Farm Yard Manure F. Y , sand and paddy husk in proportion to the prepared beds. Gerbera cultivation in shade net. Soil Sterilization in Gerbera Flower Farming:- To save the crop from soil borne diseases, soil disinfection must be carried out well before gerbera cultivation.
There are three main soil borne pathogens like Fusarium, Phytophthora and Pythium which would destroy the entire crop if the soil disinfection is not done.
Cover the fumigated beds with a plastic sheet for a minimum period of 3 to 4 days. To drain out the chemicals from the beds, watering should be done. Planting Season in Gerbera Flower Farming:- Gerbera plantation can be done in spring as well as summer season. Gerbera needs good light intensity, planting in spring season Jan to March is best for 1.
Summer June to July is Suitable for 1, 1. Planting should be avoided in late August or September as it has to sustain in winter season.
Division and Micro-Propagation are the two propagation methods used in Gerbera cultivation. Division:— In this method, propagation is done through division of clumps in June — July month and this most commonly used method. Micro-propagation: — This method is gaining popularity day by day for fast and large scale production. Following is the manures and fertilization schedule in Gerbera cultivation. Irrigation in Gerbera Flower Farming:- Immediate Irrigation is required after planting and continue to irrigate for a month to enable a good root establishment.
Weed Control in Gerbera Flower Farming:- Weed control is an important operation in Gerbera cultivation and should be carried once in 2 weeks for 3 first months of plantation. After 3 months, Subsequent weeding should be done 30 day interval. Hand weeding should be done whenever required. Follow these basic weeding operations. For easy absorption of water, fertilizer and providing air circulation to the roots, rake the soil once in 2 weeks.
Always remove older leaves for allowing new leaf growth. Red spider mite: To control this, spray Abamectin 1. Nematode: To control this, apply Pseudomonasfluorescens 2. Harvesting of Gerbera:- Normally, Gerbera plants starts flowering in about 3 months after planting. Harvesting is done, when flowers completely open or when outer 2 to 3 rows of disc florets are perpendicular to the stalk.
Post Harvesting Tasks in Gerbera Flower Farming:- The heel for the stalk has to be cut about 2 to 3 cm above the base and keep in fresh chlorinated water. Flowers should be sorted out and graded for uniformity and packed in carton boxes. Yield of Gerbera:- Any crop yield depends on the farm management practices and variety and soil type. In Gerbera cultivation, following is the average yield in open and greenhouse cultivation.
Bottom Line of Gerbera Flower Farming:- It is one of the best profitable cultivation crop, which has very good commercial value across India and local markets.
Gerbera Daisy Care – Tips On How To Grow Gerbera Daisies
This plant belongs to the daisy family and is named after a famous German botanist Traugott Gerber. Gerbera plant is considered to be a native of South America, Asia and Africa. Sometimes this plant is also referred to as African daisy. Gerbera flower is popular as a decorative or cut flower and is often cultivated as a decorative garden plant. The cultivars which are widely grown have been derived from the cross of two different species of the plant genus i.
GERBERA Cultivation: How to Grow and Protect Gerbera Flower
The following information is about Gerbera Flower Farming. Gerbera Flower Farming. In Indian continent, Gerbera is well distributed from Kashmir to Nepal altitudes from meters to meters. The freshness and long lasting characteristics of this flower made it to use as decorative flower in parties, functions and flower bouquet. Market commercial value of this flower is excellent in India. Climate Required for Gerbera Flower Farming:- Gerbera flowers can be grown in both tropical and subtropical climatic conditions. These flowers can be cultivated in open fields under tropical climatic conditions.