HANNAH ARENDT AS ORIGENS DO TOTALITARISMO PDF

Assim, os mais diferentes tipos de postulados antissemitas adquirem uma tonalidade condizente com o conflito em pauta. O mito das sociedades secretas, como regentes do mundo, tem algo de bizarro. Com as sociedades secretas, ocorre a mesma coisa. Apesar de idas e vindas, Dreyfus nunca mais foi declarado juridicamente inocente, apenas anistiado.

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History[ edit ] The Origins of Totalitarianism [1] was first published in English in A second, enlarged edition was published in , and contained two additional chapters, replacing her original "Concluding Remarks". In this book, Arendt argues that totalitarianism was a "novel form of government," that "differs essentially from other forms of political oppression known to us such as despotism, tyranny and dictatorship" [7] in that it applied terror to subjugate mass populations rather than just political adversaries.

That totalitarianism in Germany was, in the end, about terror and consistency, not eradicating Jews only. Arendt traces the roots of modern imperialism to the accumulation of excess capital in European nation-states during the 19th century. This capital required overseas investments outside of Europe to be productive and political control had to be expanded overseas to protect the investments.

She then examines "continental imperialism" pan-Germanism and pan-Slavism and the emergence of "movements" substituting themselves to the political parties. These movements are hostile to the state and antiparliamentarist and gradually institutionalize anti-Semitism and other kinds of racism.

Arendt concludes that while Italian Fascism was a nationalist authoritarian movement, Nazism and Stalinism were totalitarian movements that sought to eliminate all restraints upon the power of the movement. Here, Arendt discusses the transformation of classes into masses, the role of propaganda in dealing with the non-totalitarian world, and the use of terror, essential to this form of government.

She states Intellectual, spiritual, and artistic initiative is as dangerous to totalitarianism as the gangster initiative of the mob, and both are more dangerous than mere political opposition.

The consistent persecution of every higher form of intellectual activity by the new mass leaders springs from more than their natural resentment against everything they cannot understand. Total domination does not allow for free initiative in any field of life, for any activity that is not entirely predictable.

Totalitarianism in power invariably replaces all first-rate talents, regardless of their sympathies, with those crackpots and fools whose lack of intelligence and creativity is still the best guarantee of their loyalty. A final section added to the second edition of the book in suggests that individual isolation and loneliness are preconditions for totalitarian domination. Reception[ edit ] Le Monde placed the book among the best books of any kind of the 20th century, while the National Review ranked it 15 on its list of the best non-fiction books of the century.

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