Originalmente este termino se usaba para todos los trastornos facticios. Crecer con padres o cuidadores que han estado ausentes emocionalmente. Tener trastornos de personalidad. Tener baja autoestima.

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Urine analysis to screen for laxatives using gas chromatography or mass spectrometry Induced vomiting Although many alternatives possible, ipecacuanha ingestion HPLC measurement of serum or urine for elevated creatine kinase , transaminases and ipecacuanha Egg protein injection into bladder, albumin protein addition to urine samples Urine protein electrophoresis analysis Haematuria Blood introduction to urine samples, deliberate trauma to the urethra Imaging to rule out insertion of a foreign body, monitor sample collection, analysis of red blood cell shape in samples There are several criteria that together may point to factitious disorder, including frequent hospitalizations, knowledge of several illnesses, frequently requesting medication such as pain killers, openness to extensive surgery, few or no visitors during hospitalizations, and exaggerated or fabricated stories about several medical problems.

Factitious disorder should not be confused with hypochondria , as people with factitious disorder syndrome do not really believe they are sick; they only want to be sick, and thus fabricate the symptoms of an illness.

It is also not the same as pretending to be sick for personal benefit such as being excused from work or school. Other than making up past medical histories and faking illnesses, people might inflict harm on themselves by consuming laxatives or other substances, self-inflicting injury to induce bleeding, and altering laboratory samples".

Factitious disorder has several complications, as these people will go to great lengths to fake their illness. Severe health problems, serious injuries, loss of limbs or organs, and even death are possible complications. People affected may have multiple scars on their abdomen due to repeated "emergency" operations. The historical baron became a well-known storyteller in the late 18th century for entertaining dinner guests with tales about his adventures during the Russo-Turkish War. In German-born writer and con artist Rudolf Erich Raspe anonymously published a book in which a heavily fictionalized version of "Baron Munchausen" tells many fantastic and impossible stories about himself.

Like the famous Baron von Munchausen, the persons affected have always travelled widely; and their stories, like those attributed to him, are both dramatic and untruthful. Accordingly the syndrome is respectfully dedicated to the Baron, and named after him. Asher, M. Now, however, in the DSM-5, "Munchausen syndrome" and "Munchausen by proxy" have been replaced with "factitious disorder" and "factitious disorder by proxy" respectively.


Síndrome de Münchhausen


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Syndrome de Münchhausen


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