A BUDDHIST BIBLE DWIGHT GODDARD PDF

He was ordained in and was sent to China as a Congregational missionary. He was interested in non-Christian religions and as a result of this curiosity began to study various denominations of Buddhism. He was so impressed with it that he moved to Japan where he met D. It was situated on forty acres in southern California adjacent to the Santa Barbara National Forest and also on rural land in Thetford, Vermont. The venture was short lived and closed due to lack of followers. His book, A Buddhist Bible, was published in

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Unfortunately a casualty of racism , [19] these temples were often the subject of suspicion and ignorance by the rest of the population, and were dismissively called joss houses. Japanese and Korean immigration[ edit ] The Chinese Exclusion Act of curtailed growth of the Chinese American population, but large-scale immigration from Japan began in the late s and from Korea around In both cases, immigration was at first primarily to Hawaii.

Populations from other Asian Buddhist countries followed, and in each case, the new communities established Buddhist temples and organizations. After internment ended, some members returned to the West Coast and revitalized churches there, while a number of others moved to the Midwest and built new churches. During the s and s, the BCA was in a growth phase and was very successful at fund-raising.

It also published two periodicals, one in Japanese and one in English. However, since , BCA membership declined. The 36 temples in the state of Hawaii of the Honpa Hongwanji Mission have a similar history. Thus, it has limited aspects of export Buddhism.

As involvement by its ethnic community declined, internal discussions advocated attracting the broader public. Although it caters primarily to Chinese Americans, it also has regular services and outreach programs in English. Import Buddhism[ edit ] While Asian immigrants were arriving, some American intellectuals examined Buddhism, based primarily on information from British colonies in India and East Asia.

In the last century, numbers of Asian Buddhist masters and teachers have immigrated to the U. Most have belonged to three major Buddhist traditions or cultures: Zen , Tibetan , and Theravadan. The American Transcendentalists and associated persons, in particular Henry David Thoreau took an interest in Hindu and Buddhist philosophy.

His Indian readings may have influenced his later experiments in simple living: at one point in Walden Thoreau wrote: "I realized what the Orientals meant by contemplation and the forsaking of works.

Olcott, a former U. In , he, Helena Blavatsky , and William Quan Judge founded the Theosophical Society , dedicated to the study of the occult and influenced by Hindu and Buddhist scriptures. The leaders claimed to believe that they were in contact, via visions and messages, with a secret order of adepts called the "Himalayan Brotherhood" or "the Masters". In , Olcott and Blavatsky traveled to India and in , to Sri Lanka , where they were met enthusiastically by local Buddhists, who saw them as allies against an aggressive Christian missionary movement.

On May 25, Olcott and Blavatsky took the pancasila vows of a lay Buddhist before a monk and a large crowd. Although most of the Theosophists appear to have counted themselves as Buddhists, they held idiosyncratic beliefs that separated them from known Buddhist traditions; only Olcott was enthusiastic about following mainstream Buddhism.

Olcott authored a Buddhist Catechism, stating his view of the basic tenets of the religion. Paul Carus was an editor and collaborator with D. Suzuki Several publications increased knowledge of Buddhism in 19th-century America. In , Edwin Arnold , an English aristocrat, published The Light of Asia , [24] an epic poem he had written about the life and teachings of the Buddha , expounded with much wealth of local color and not a little felicity of versification.

The book became immensely popular in the United States, going through eighty editions and selling more than , copies. Paul Carus , a German American philosopher and theologian , was at work on a more scholarly prose treatment of the same subject. Carus was the director of Open Court Publishing Company , an academic publisher specializing in philosophy , science , and religion , and editor of The Monist , a journal with a similar focus, both based in La Salle, Illinois.

Early converts[ edit ] In a brief ceremony conducted by Dharmapala, Charles T. Strauss , a New York businessman of Jewish descent, became one of the first to formally convert to Buddhism on American soil. In Illinois, Paul Carus wrote more books about Buddhism and set portions of Buddhist scripture to Western classical music.

Goddard was a Christian missionary to China when he first came in contact with Buddhism. In , he spent a year living at a Zen monastery in Japan.

In , he founded "The Followers of Buddha, an American Brotherhood", with the goal of applying the traditional monastic structure of Buddhism more strictly than Senzaki and Sokei-an.

The group was largely unsuccessful: no Americans were recruited to join as monks and attempts failed to attract a Chinese Chan Zen master to come to the United States. In , he collaborated with D. Suzuki , on a translation of the Lankavatara Sutra. That same year, he published the first edition of A Buddhist Bible, an anthology of Buddhist scriptures focusing on those used in Chinese and Japanese Zen.

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A Buddhist Bible

Unfortunately a casualty of racism , [19] these temples were often the subject of suspicion and ignorance by the rest of the population, and were dismissively called joss houses. Japanese and Korean immigration[ edit ] The Chinese Exclusion Act of curtailed growth of the Chinese American population, but large-scale immigration from Japan began in the late s and from Korea around In both cases, immigration was at first primarily to Hawaii. Populations from other Asian Buddhist countries followed, and in each case, the new communities established Buddhist temples and organizations. After internment ended, some members returned to the West Coast and revitalized churches there, while a number of others moved to the Midwest and built new churches. During the s and s, the BCA was in a growth phase and was very successful at fund-raising.

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