HAEGEMAN GOVERNMENT AND BINDING THEORY PDF

Government[ edit ] The main application of the government relation concerns the assignment of case. Government is defined as follows: A governs B if and only if A is a governor and A m-commands B and no barrier intervenes between A and B. This means that for example in a structure like the following, A m-commands B, but B does not m-command A: In addition, barrier is defined as follows: [9] A barrier is any node Z such that Z is a potential governor for B and Z c-commands B and Z does not c-command A The government relation makes case assignment unambiguous. The tree diagram below illustrates how DPs are governed and assigned case by their governing heads: Another important application of the government relation constrains the occurrence and identity of traces as the Empty Category Principle requires them to be properly governed. Consider the sentence "Johni saw hisi mother", which is diagrammed below using simple phrase structure trees. Binding is used, along with particular binding principles, to explain the ungrammaticality of statements 1, 3, and 4.

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The name refers to two central subtheories of the theory: government, which is an abstract syntactic relation, and binding, which deals with the referents of pronouns , anaphors , and referential expressions. GB was the first theory to be based on the principles and parameters model of language, which also underlies the later developments of the Minimalist Program.

Government The main application of the government relation concerns the assignment of case. Government is defined as follows: A governs B if and only if A is a governor and A m-commands B and no barrier intervenes between A and B.

The maximal projection of a head X is XP. This means that for example in a structure like the following, A m-commands B, but B does not m-command A: In addition, barrier is defined as follows: [9] A barrier is any node Z such that Z is a potential governor for B and Z c-commands B and Z does not c-command A The government relation makes case assignment unambiguous.

The tree diagram below illustrates how DPs are governed and assigned case by their governing heads: Another important application of the government relation constrains the occurrence and identity of traces as the Empty Category Principle requires them to be properly governed.

Consider the sentence "Johni saw hisi mother. File:Government and Binding Theory basic tree. On the other hand, in the ungrammatical sentence "The mother of Johni likes himselfi", "John" does not c-command "himself", so they have no binding relationship despite the fact that they corefer. Binding is used, along with particular binding principles, to explain the ungrammaticality of those statements.

Principle A: an anaphor reflexive or reciprocal, such as "each other" must be bound in its governing category roughly, the clause. Since "himself" is not c-commanded by "John" in sentence [3], Principle A is violated.

Principle B: a pronoun must be free i. In sentence [1], "him" is bound by "John", violating Principle B. Principle C: an R-expression must be free i. R-expressions e. In sentence [4], the first instance of "John" binds the second, violating Principle C. Note that Principles A and B refer to "governing categories"--domains which limit the scope of binding. The definition of a governing category laid out in Lectures on Government and Binding [1] is complex, but in most cases the governing category is essentially the minimal clause or complex NP.

Further reading Liliane Haegeman

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Golkree Discussions of a number of topics missing from or not paid due attention in the first edition have been integrated or expanded, for example: In short, this book offers a complete introduction to the current state of Government and Binding Theory, suitable for readers with some basic knowledge of generative linguistics. It just introduces the theory in a full complete for The first thing to say about this book is that I may need to re-read it or rather to study it. This newedition has been extensively updated throughout. If you are a seller for this product, would you like to suggest updates through seller support? Customers who viewed this item also viewed. A great into to Annd.

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Government and binding theory

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