Akilabar Johns Hopkins University Press. Write a customer review. To a large extent, the two first major publications were works of psychology that contain many elements, albeit in inchoate form, of jaspsrs later philosophy. In this theory, Jaspers argued that limit situations are unconditioned moments of human existence, in which reason is drawn by intense impulses or imperatives, which impel it to expose itself to the limits of its consciousness and to seek higher or more reflected modes of knowledge. Jaspers obtained his widest influence, not through his philosophy, but through his writings on governmental conditions in Germany, and after the collapse of National Socialist regime he emerged as a powerful spokesperson for moral-democratic education and reorientation in the Federal Republic of Germany.
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JoJokazahn In this, he argued that the freedom of consciousness to overcome its limits and antinomies can only be elaborated through speech: This page was last edited on 28 Decemberat Nonetheless, as a philosopher of transcendence, he was also clear that human truthfulness, or humanity more generally, cannot be conceived without a recuperation of religious interpretive approaches and without a recognition of the fact that the founding contents of philosophy are transcendent.
Jaspers held Kierkegaard and Nietzsche to be two of the most important figures in post-Kantian philosophy. According to Camus, it is an aspect of human revolt against the world. Existenzphilosophie: Karl Jaspers: : Books Third, then, this concept also indicates that the evidences of faith are always paradoxical and uncertain and that those who pursue knowledge of these contents must accept an attitude of philosophical relativism and discursive exchange: Jaspers clearly belonged to the first category of existential philosophers.
Get to Know Us. Neo-Kantianism early  Existentialism late Existential phenomenology  late. Most especially, however, like Heidegger, he took from Nietzsche a critical approach to the residues of metaphysics in European philosophy, and he denied the existence of essences which are external or indifferent to human experience.
Wikiquote has quotations related to: He defined primary delusions as autochthonousmeaning that existenzohilosophie arise without apparent cause, appearing incomprehensible in terms of a normal mental process.
In he was told by a reliable source that his deportation was scheduled to take place on April This interpretation of their philosophical status and relationship is at least questionable. Both of them had decided, in case of an arrest, to commit suicide. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval.
Indeed, both neo-Kantians and phenomenological philosophers subjected his work to trenchant criticism in the early stages of his philosophical trajectory, and members of both these camps, especially Rickert and Edmund Husserl, accused him of importing anthropological and experiential questions into philosophy and thus of contaminating philosophical analysis with contents properly pertaining to other disciplines. He published a paper in in which he addressed the problem of whether paranoia was an aspect of personality or the result existenzphilosophoe biological changes.
Allied Forces and the Liberation of a Concentration Camp. Jaspers responded to this characterization of Germany by claiming that societies which undermine the cultural role of the bourgeois elite are inherently unstable, and that the educated bourgeoisie has a primary role to play in upholding the preconditions of democratic culture.
In Jaspers habilitated at the philosophical faculty of the Heidelberg University and gained there in a post as a psychology teacher. This entry has no external links. Jaspers borrowed from Nietzsche a psychologistic approach to philosophical perspectives, and, like Nietzsche, he tended to view philosophical claims, not as formally verifiable postulates, but as expressions of underlying mental dispositions. Jaspers then became a student of medicine at Heidelberg from — True humanity is thus a condition of esistenzphilosophie self-possession and transcendent authenticity.
Plato Aristotle Stoicism Epicureans. These expectations, however, did not materialize. In the s, he supported the main policies of the liberal-conservative governments led by Konrad Adenauer —and he particularly endorsed the formation of the Western Alliance, which exitsenzphilosophie saw as a means of edistenzphilosophie the cultural resources of Western European culture from their colonization by the Soviet Union.
Jaspers set down his views on mental illness in a book which he published inGeneral Psychopathology. Second, however, it also means that true philosophy cannot simply abandon philosophical rationality for positively disclosed truth-contents or dogma, and that the critical function of rationality has a constitutive role in the formation of absolute knowledge.
Nevertheless, this work touched on the border of philosophy. It is worth noting that the appearance of the fourth edition of General Psychopathology was enabled despite the publication ban to which Jaspers was subject since for his outspoken and uncompromising resistance to the Nazis regime and his persistent loyalty to his Jewish wife.
For this reason, he also borrowed from Nietzsche a dismissive approach to absolutized claims to truthful knowledge, and a resultant rejection of all rational purism. Myth, in this view, is that which is taken for granted when thought begins. Throughout the middle decades of the twentieth century he exercised considerable influence on a number of areas of philosophical inquiry: The truth of religion, he intimated, only becomes true if it is interpreted as a human truth, existenzphilosohie as a truth originally external or prior to humanity.
Most commentators associate Jaspers with the philosophy of existentialismin part because he draws largely upon the existentialist roots of Nietzsche and Kierkegaardand in part because the theme of individual freedom permeates his work. Related Posts
Tanris Fifth, however, he also retained aspects of the elite-democratic outlook which he had first inherited from Weber, and he continued to argue that the human polity must be existenzphilosopuie and guided by reasonable persons or responsible elites. His wife, Gertrud Jaspers, who served as his amanuensis throughout his entire life as a scholar, died in Basel on May 25 at the age of In the second role, as one of the professors responsible for reopening the University of Heidelberg, to which he was appointed by the American Army of Occupation as a contemporary rector, he wrote at length on the necessity of university reforms, he emphasized the role of liberal humanistic education as a means of disseminating democratic ideas throughout Germany, and he took a firm line against the rehabilitation of professors with a history of Nazi affiliation. Die SchuldfrageHeidelberg: He dedicated all of his energies in the postwar years toward the accomplishment of these two tasks. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. Jaspers tried to bring the methods of Phenomenology —the direct investigation and description of phenomena as consciously experienced, without theories about their causal explanation—into the field of clinical psychiatry.