He was concerned about the major issues facing the modern cities and tried to find the solutions using some effective traditional Indian architectural practices. His contribution to the modern Indian architecture goes beyond any words; he tried to understand and adapt modernism to local Indian culture. Many of his works attempt to explore a vernacular style or practice within a modern environment. He had a keen interest in the architectural utility and grandeur spread over the Indian subcontinent, and found some unique solutions using these traditional methods.
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He was concerned about the major issues facing the modern cities and tried to find the solutions using some effective traditional Indian architectural practices. His contribution to the modern Indian architecture goes beyond any words; he tried to understand and adapt modernism to local Indian culture.
Many of his works attempt to explore a vernacular style or practice within a modern environment. He had a keen interest in the architectural utility and grandeur spread over the Indian subcontinent, and found some unique solutions using these traditional methods. The building we are going to discuss today is a live example of his ability to combine the age-old methods and style with modernistic planning and comforts.
A rare skyscraper by Correa: Kanchenjunga apartments, Mumbai In most situations, Correa avoided going for skyscrapers; preferring instead to remain close to the natural elements. However, he showed his class even in the cases when a multi-story was a necessity. Kanchenjunga apartments, the story residential building accommodating 32 luxury apartments, is located South-West of downtown Mumbai in an upscale suburban setting.
The area embodies the characteristics of the upper echelon of the society within the community in a city that is considered the equivalent of the New York city in terms of population and diversity.
The main challenge Mumbai is a coastal city with a hot and humid climate virtually round the year. The best orientation for a building in Mumbai is East-West to enable it to catch prevailing sea breezes and also to face up to the best views of this historic city. This is precisely where the main challenge lies for a designer; This orientation also makes you face the hot sun and the heavy infamous Mumbai monsoon rains.
The same challenge was faced by the master architect when he got the project of designing a multi-story apartment building, something made unavoidable by the phenomenon of escalating urbanization, the rapid growth in population that turned the city of Mumbai into a sea of humanity.
The solution: An age-old traditional architectural feature The vernacular architecture, that stood neglected for a long time, provided the solution to a keen student of traditional practices of architecture. Correa observed the old Indian style bungalows that provided a comfortable living environment to the occupants. He noted that these bungalows wrapped a protective layer of verandahs around the living areas, offering two lines of defence to the occupants against the elements.
The ingenious cellular planning Correa offered an ingenious plan for Kanchenjunga apartments with an interlock of four different apartment units varying from three to six bedrooms each. Small level differences between external earth-filled terraces and internal elevated living spaces make all the difference here as Correa successfully shields these high-rise units from the harsh sun and torrential monsoon rains.
Correa provides the tower with 6. Reinforced concrete structure Kanchenjunga apartment building is a story reinforced concrete structure with 6. The central core, consisting of elevators and stairs, provides the main structural element for the building for resisting the lateral loads. Slip method of construction was used for the first time in India for a multi-story building here to construct the central core before the main peripheral structure.
A beautiful combination of modern western and traditional vernacular styles True to his philosophy, Correa succeeded in combining the traditional vernacular style of architecture with the modern western style while designing the Kanchenjunga apartment building. While the concrete structure and the areas of white panels give the building a close resemblance to the modern western apartment buildings; the garden terraces of the building are nothing but a modern interpretation of a feature of the traditional Indian bungalow- the verandah.
Only Correa could have done that! Here are some salient feature of Kanchenjunga apartments in brief: 32 different luxury apartments with four types of flats varying from three to six bedrooms. Shear end walls holding up the cantilevered terraces externally express the interlocking of these variations.
Minimalist surfaces are cut away from the corners to open up double-height terrace gardens. Tower base is 21 sqm and height 84m to give it a proportion of The deep, double-height terraces are oriented away from the sun to provide each apartment unit protection against the elements. Kanchenjunga apartment building is one of the finest projects completed by Charles Correa, a project where he so effectively combines the Indian and western concepts to find a solution to a nagging issue.
His deep understanding of both the contemporary western architecture and the traditional vernacular practices gives rise to a unique building that bears a stamp of his own personality. More about a different masterpiece from the master in our next post. He is a prolific writer and a sensitive poet. His professional posts mostly cover the future in Architecture. His stories and poems are chiefly devoted to the inner and outer battles that a disabled person in India faces every day.
Analysis of a case study /Kanchanjunga apartments
By developing climatic solutions for different sites and programs, Indian architect Charles Correa designed the Kanchanjunga Apartments. Located in Mumbai , the U. Save this picture! Courtesy of Charles Correa The Kanchanjunga Apartments are a direct response to the present culture, the escalating urbanization, and the climatic conditions for the region. They pay homage to the vernacular architecture that once stood on the site before the development in a number of ways.
Charles Correa – Kanchenjunga apartments
Land values have risen dramatically and high rise apartments have become the only solution for housing needs. In , when Correa was commissioned to build these high income flats, he wondered if he could use concepts like spatial zoning, climate control and views that he had used elsewhere especially those ideas used in the unbuilt Cosmopolis of , and Rallis Apartments. A task that finally resulted in the completion of Kanchanjunga in , some thirteen years after its inception. This project was completed with Pravina Mehta as an associate architect and Shirish Patel as the structural engineer.
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This 84 metres high tower is located on the hilly western edge of Bombay, India. The building attracts attention because of its loggias. In Bombay a building has to be oriented east-west to catch the prevailing sea-breezes1. The best views that can be seen from a skyscraper are also located in the east the Arabian Sea and the west the harbour.
AD Classics: Kanchanjunga Apartments / Charles Correa
Taplejung, Province No. The eastern ridge in Sikkim includes Siniolchu. The Zemu glacier in the northeast and the Talung glacier in the southeast drain to the Teesta River; the Yalung glacier in the southwest and the Kangchen glacier in the northwest drain to the Arun and Kosi rivers. Between and , more than half of 57 examined glaciers had retreated, possibly due to rising of air temperature. To date, the northeastern route from Sikkim has been successfully used only three times. The Indian government has banned expeditions to Kanchenjunga; therefore, this route has been closed since In May, he explored the Singalila Ridge up to the peak of Tonglo for a meteorological survey.
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